Monitoring your body regularly can help spot cancer early and save your life
Knowing the signs & symptoms is half the battle! It is important that you monitor your body to detect any red flags for early cancer detection.
If you still menstruate, examine yourself a few days after your monthly period.
If you no longer menstruate, examine yourself on a specific day of the month.
If you are taking hormones, check with your health care provider to determine the best time for monitoring.
Step 1: TOUCH
Check the OUTER HALF of your right breast. Lie down and roll on to your left side to examine your right breast. Place your right hand, palm up on your forehead. Your breast should lie as flat on your chest as possible. It may be easier and more comfortable if you put a pillow behind your shoulder or back.
Using the flat pads of your three middle fingers—not the tips—move the pads of your fingers in little circles, about the size of a dime. For each little circle, change the amount of pressure so you can feel ALL levels of your breast tissue. Make each circle three times—once light, once medium, and once deep—before you move on to the next area.
Start the circles in your armpit and move down to just below the bra line. Then slide your fingers over—just the width of one finger and move up again. Don’t lift your fingers from your breast as you move them to make sure you feel the entire area. Continue this up-and-down vertical strip pattern—from your collarbone to just below your bra line—until you reach the nipple.
Check the INNER HALF of your right breast. When you reach the nipple, remove pillow and roll onto your back, remove your hand from your forehead and place this arm at a right angle (see drawing). Carefully check the nipple area using the same circular pressures as before, without squeezing. Then examine the remaining breast tissue using the up-and-down vertical strip pattern, until you reach the middle of your chest. Place your non-palpating hand down at your side, make a row of circles above and below your collarbone, working from your shoulder to your mid-line.
Roll on to your right side and repeat these steps on your left breast, using your right hand.
Step 2: LOOK
Stand in front of a mirror and look closely at your breasts in the following three positions, viewing from the right and left as well as facing forward. Check for changes in the following:
Shape: Compare one to the other. One breast may normally be larger than the other, but sudden changes in size should not occur.
Skin: Check for rash, redness, puckering, dimpling, or orange-peel-textured appearance.
Nipples: Check for any physical changes such as a sudden inversion, scaliness, redness, itching, swelling, or discharge.
Vein patterns: Look for a noticeable increase in size or number of veins compared to the other breast.
Keep arms at your sides
Arms raised above your head bending forward, and
Place hands on your hips and hunch over.
Notice Something? Here’s What To Do Next:
- Should you spot any signs, consider them a “red flag”. It does not mean you have cancer. If signs do not disappear within one week, contact your medical team for a professional evaluation.